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Prince Center for the Visually Impaired in Valley Stream, New York enumerated different eye diseases and conditions, as well as problems and symptoms. We have also provided descriptions for each.
Eye Diseases and Conditions
Amblyopia or Lazy Eye is a very common condition usually present early in childhood. Early detection and many other methods can prevent this eye condition from becoming severe.
Aniridia, also known as iris hypoplasia, is an uncommon condition. People with aniridia are born with missing parts or the entire iris, the colored part of the eye. It occurs in 1 out of every 50,000 to 100,000 infants born worldwide. However, incidence varies from one region to another.
Aphakia, a condition where the lens of the eye is missing, can greatly decrease your vision acuity. It can cause other problems if not treated.
Astigmatism occurs when the curvature of the cornea is shaped more like a football than a baseball. This causes two images to appear on the retina, causing blurry vision from any distance.
Baggy Eyes can be caused by Blepharochalasis or Dermatochalasis.
Blepharitis, a highly common non-contagious eye disorder, involves the inflammation of the eyelashes and eyelid rims.
Blindness is defined as a visual field of less than ten degrees, or less than 20/500 vision in the person’s better eye.
When your eyes bulge out, it can be due to genetics or an underlying condition.
Cataract is defined as the clouding of the lens, which increases with age and other factors. Treatments are widely available.
A chalazion is a small cyst on the eyelid which is usually smaller than a pea. It is caused by blockage of the meibomian glands. The meibomian glands are small glands on the edge of the eyelid producing oil to lubricate the eye. When these glands are blocked, oil builds up inside the gland, which then produces chalazion.
Choroideremia, also known as choroidal sclerosis or progressive tapetochoroidal dystrophy, is a genetic condition causing a person to slowly lose his vision. It mostly affects men and its symptoms usually begin to appear during childhood. Most people with choroideremia lose their vision completely by the time they are middle-aged.
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